Bee Types Range
Off 2009 in order to 2018, 192 bee species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was basically caught from inside the Calanques National Park via both web and you can bowl pitfall stuff. They belonged so you can six families and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae is actually more variety-steeped nearest and dearest, with Apidae and you can Halictidae, having 53, 49, and you can 43 types, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 was the newest richest genus, that have 33 types, whereas seven genera was basically depicted of the only one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk 1 [online just] ). Making use of the jackknife step one and dos spiders, the bee varieties richness was estimated to get ranging from ± nine.89 and you may ± . New noticed richness for this reason portrayed 71.3 so you can 79.6% of your own projected bee fullness ( Table 2). The latest Chao1 strategy projected brand new observed fullness become 76.8% of potential maximum richness ( Table 2). The absolute most numerous varieties is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 anybody), accompanied by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 some one, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 someone). Fundamentally, fifty kinds (26%) was basically portrayed of the only one personal (singletons).
Ecological Traits out-of Bees
Regarding the ecological attributes out-of nesting preferences, i recognized 59 solitary bee varieties nesting significantly more than floor, 92 unmarried bee varieties nesting below ground and 23 cleptoparasitic types, corresponding to 29.seven, 47.9, and you can 12.0% of the full bee species richness, respectively. We detected four societal variety (bumble bees and you can honey bees-2.1%). Ultimately, the latest nesting choices away from 14 kinds will always be unfamiliar (seven.3%- Supp Dining table step 1 [online merely] ). Regarding the floral diet plan out of bee varieties, i unearthed that 105 species (54.7%) foraged into the an array of bush species (we.e., generalist variety, polylectic) and you can 51 species (26.5%) foraged on a single plant family unit members otherwise you to definitely/couple plant varieties (i.e., specialist varieties, oligolectic). Into remaining 36 bee variety (18.8%), the flowery diet plan was not known (age.g., to own cleptoparasitic kinds). Although not, most generalist varieties exhibited a choice for 1 or several bush families ( Supp Desk step one [on the web simply] ). Towards 44 singletons, fourteen bee kinds (28%) was basically experts, and you can nine bee variety (18%) had been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step one [online merely] ).
An enthusiastic IUCN condition are available for 178 species (excluding the new species complexes and as yet not known species). Those types of, 47 species were categorized because investigation deficient (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 species had been least concerned (LC-69.6%), six types have been near threatened (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one variety try noticed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step 1 [on the internet merely] ). Three oligolectic types was one of the eight endangered bee species. A good. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus was pros with the Fabaceae, D. argentata is a professional to your Caprifoliaceae.
From 2009 so you can 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically caught into the Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to twenty-four genera ( Supp Table dos [online just] ). The most abundant genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 someone), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 individuals), and you may Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville inside Latreille, 1828 (13 anyone), whereas 20 varieties (53%) was portrayed of the singular private ( Supp Table 2 [on line merely] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was indeed represented because of the 20 types, in addition to four singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table step 3 https://datingranking.net/nl/dating-for-seniors-overzicht/ [on line only] ). The brand new quote off complete variety fullness off hover flies and you may bee flies are anywhere between 83 and you may 97 varieties by using the jackknife 1 and you may 2 indexes, correspondingly. Thus, the brand new seen richness represented 59.8–69.9% of the estimated hover travel and you can bee fly richness ( Desk dos).